Health // Medicines

Vitamins and vitamin importance for the human organism

What is vitamin deficiency from a scientific point of view?

In fact, a deficiency disease - a serious but rare disease.It is often confused with hypovitaminosis, it is precisely the lack, or rather sub-optimal, even providing the body with vitamins.Most of the inhabitants of megacities face it with hypovitaminosis, and at any time of the year.This is associated with stress, and a sedentary lifestyle and a poor environment, and most importantly, malnutrition "in haste": semi-finished products, preservatives, from vitamins to take?This is particularly true of vitamin C, B vitamins (B1, B2, B6, folic acid), as well as a lack of iodine, calcium and iron.

why our ancestors did not suffer from lack of vitamins, and now it's downright disease of the century?

problem is that vitamins in our bodies virtually produced and stored in reserve.Therefore, in order to get them, you need to eat a lot and varied.The soldier's daily ration of Russian tsarist army consisted of 1 kg 300 grams of bread and a pound of

meat at a rate of 5-6 thousand calories of energy per day.Today, people spend no more than 2-2.5 thousand calories a day and eat two times less than two centuries ago, despite the fact that the products are manufactured on an industrial scale, vitamins it is several times less than it was insimilar products hundred years ago.It turns out that vitamins are sorely lacking.

Where to look for salvation?

Of course, you should try to eat balanced.The diet should be proteins, fats and carbohydrates.And as varied as possible: vegetables, fruits, herbs, the same sauerkraut.We recommend that you include in the diet products (bread, milk, drinks), further enriched with vitamins.And it is very important to move as much as possible, engage in sports or walk more.It activates the metabolism.

How to choose a vitamin complex?

Pay attention not only on the content of vitamins and trace elements (magnesium, iron, potassium, zinc, copper, manganese - they also actively participate in the life of the organism).It is important that the preparation contains all the necessary vitamins in daily doses.Usually the "power" of vitamins is indicated in mg.In parentheses is sometimes referred to RNP (recommended intake), or RDA.It is desirable that the number was close to 100%.If a manufacturer of such information secret, then to the drug should be treated with caution.Do not buy vitamins to the entire contents of the periodic table.In our country, for example, there is a lack of minerals: magnesium, zinc, calcium, iron.The remaining components are less studied.There is a problem of deficiency of vitamin C, B vitamins and carotenoids.Sufficient that these components.The complex may not suit you personally, so if taking vitamins nausea or feeling sick, you need to change the medication.We recommend to drink vitamins at least twice a year.

Do I need to take vitamins is strictly prescribed by a doctor?

It is necessary only when it comes to applying monovitaminov medicinal purposes.The dose is usually in excess of physiological need for hundreds or thousands of times.Moreover, often for medicinal purposes vitamins need to be taken by intramuscular or intravenous injection.And in order to make up for the lack of vitamins in your normal diet, including foods rich in vitamins or regularly taking supplements, strict prescription is not required.But go too far, of course, not worth it.Do not abuse the value of vitamins and vitamins for the human body.

How to avoid overdosing when taking vitamins?

If the complex does not cause discomfort or ill health, and the dosage of vitamins in it is within the physiological requirements of the person, you can take it all the time, even a lifetime.An overdose can not be here.The danger arises only after prolonged intake of vitamins in huge doses.It is never allowed in preparations, supplements or fortified products intended for preventative purposes.So competently composed multivitamin complex, according to the instructions received, will not bring harm.

You do not have enough vitamins if:

• You wake up in the morning difficult, feel that not enough sleep and rest;

• Constantly feeling drowsiness and lethargy during the day, quickly tired;

• Can not concentrate, forget all the attention is scattered;

• you often irritable for no apparent reason, the unexpected fall into depression;

• observes that the deteriorated condition of the hair and scalp;

• Often a cold.

What causes vitamin deficiencies.

lack of vitamins is bad for the mood, appearance and can lead to some problems:

• The skin is dry and cracked - you have a lack of vitamins C, B6, A and biotin.

• There are skin rash - you deficiency B6, PP and A.

• Periodic nausea - you have a lack of vitamins B1, B6.

• vision problems - you have a lack of A, B2, B6.

• Appetite is greatly reduced - you lack the vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, B12, biotin

• Insomnia - B6, PP.

• You are constantly annoyed and worried - you have a lack of vitamins C, B1, B6, B12, PP, biotin.

• stomach problems - a lack of B12, PP, FC, A.

• The poor condition of the hair - vitamin B6, biotin, A.

• Most emerging infections - lack of vitamins C, A