Information about this will help my mother to better interact with physicians to prepare mentally, which will result in the absence of injury and the birth of a healthy baby.A pregnant woman needs to remember that the way the generations pass, their appearance and the complications that may arise, largely depend on her mood - so the information included in this article should convince you that there is no hopeless situations.
birth process is divided into three main periods: the opening of the cervix, the yield of fetal and postnatal period.
Disclosure .This period - the longest.He can go up to 10 hours in nulliparous and approximately 6-7 hours in multiparous.The intensity and duration of the contractions in this time increased from 10-20 seconds to fifteen minutes, and the interval is reduced from fifteen minutes to one minute.The main purpose of this period - the disclosure of the cervix, which is influenced by the fights.At full opening of cervical fetal head descends into the pelvic cavity.How a
expulsion of the fetus - the second stage of labor.Average duration - from one to two hours in nulliparous, and less than an hour from multiparous women.Pass delivery at this time because: when lowering the fetal head on the pelvic floor to join struggles attempts, which represent a reduction of abdominal muscles and diaphragm.Duration attempts - about a minute.Thanks to them, the pressure in the abdomen increases, which together with increased intrauterine pressure allows the child to move through the birth canal.Attempts arise spontaneously, but if necessary, the woman can enhance or deter them.
At this time, it may be a complication such as rupture of soft tissues.To avoid this, when the child passes the doctor can make an incision of the perineum, which after the placenta is sutured using local anesthesia.This surgery is very common at birth and it should be finished.It should be borne in mind that in the future it may be necessary plastic sheath.
third period, sequence - very short,
takes about 10 minutes, but in some cases can last up to an hour.At this time, the umbilical cord is cut, which connects you with tattered baby.Often doctors today trust this simple manipulation of the father if he is present at birth.No pain and no complications mother nor the child at this time do not feel, because of the lack of pain receptors in the umbilical cord.After the birth of
conducted standard procedures: inspection, treatment of the umbilical wound, measuring, weighing.On the handle of the child wears plate specifying Namemother, day and hour of birth of the child, as well as by sex.This plate with honor mom kept all his life, sometimes showing its already grown up baby.
Weak contractions that are present at this time, reject the placenta of intrauterine space, and after some attempts the last born.Only after that the delivery can be considered finished.
main types of birth
Childbirth stationary .The main advantages of this type of delivery should include the following:
1. Permanent medical control over your state
2. No less careful control of the fetus.3. Presence
possibility of emergency aid (there are cases of sudden complications that require surgical intervention or resuscitation)
4. Attendance at birth pediatrician.
5. Compliance with the standard of sanitary norms.
But there are some drawbacks of fixed genus, for example the fact that the hospital environment can prevent you from relaxing.Or, for example, that you can assign absolutely unnecessary to you and baby preparations.
Vertical birth - this type of delivery, when they are taken on a bed in a bent position of women, and divorced in the sides of the legs.In Asian countries, women often give birth squatting, or settling on special beds, giving the vertical position of the woman in labor.
benefits of these sorts that you not feel discomfort during the process.In addition, the pain will be much less obtuse.The second stage of labor in this case is usually much less extensive than usual.And last, but perhaps most importantly, the vertical birth reduces the risk of intracranial injury newborn to a minimum.
Among the shortcomings:
1. crotch mothers seen bad that does not allow for a good "defense" medical staff.
2. Number of deep fractures increases (not necessarily, but it is possible).
3. Difficult to monitor the status of the fetus.
4. Requires special beds.
Childbirth in water .It should be noted immediately that the generic pain is reduced in water.To carry out this type of delivery, a special swimming pool, the water is not precooked, which is added sea salt.Acceptable use hot setup that allows a woman to relax and has a calming effect.It should be noted that the process still takes place in the chair.Advantages:
1. Reduce the duration of the first period.
2. Is present a high analgesic effect.
serious flaws this kind of labor does not, as the possible serious complications in stationary conditions of the water delivery is usually not available.
And the last one - a home birth.Here, of course, the main thing - the situation is close maternity.However, several significant disadvantages typically scare expectant mothers.Among them:
1. Lack of monitoring your condition.
2. Lack of monitoring fetal (matters not only listening to the heartbeat, as well as observation of the dynamics).
3. The level of staff is very low.
4. The high probability of the death of a child due to the untimely provided to qualified medical care.
last point usually becomes decisive in the choice of mothers - in fact risk the health of the child in order to carry out deliveries at home are absolutely unjustified!