December
04
03:15
Children // Child health

Depression and its features in children

some ten years ago, no one thought that the human psyche and mood considerably affected by the change of seasons.The term "seasonal depression" appeared in the late twentieth century thanks to the doctor and scientist Norman Rosenthal, who established a link between the reduction of daylight and the transition from a normal state to a voltage loss of power and efficiency, the apathy and unmotivated irritation.The reason - the failure of the biological clock due to lack of sunlight.
If seasonal or winter depression affects 25 percent of the adult population of the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere, among the students, this percentage increased at least threefold.Parents and teachers usually neglected manifestations "light enough" in children and adolescents, writing off behavioral problems in the character flaws, stubbornness and disobedience, trying to correct them more severe attitude and punishments.However, such drugs as a belt, shouting and demanding during the longest night and shortest

days of the year are just side effects.After all, through the winter depression, recent studies have shown, increases the number of exacerbations of chronic diseases and ... increases the risk of viral infections!Even the common cold can have very serious consequences.

's when adults should arm themselves with basic knowledge about the methods of detection and neutralization of the elusive enemy.

In what appears winter depression?

First of all, to reduce the performance (especially younger students) against violation of the usual mode of CH and the morning the child is difficult to wake up in the afternoon tends to sleep at night it is difficult to put to bed.
Secondly, in mood swings.The child is aggressively opinionated, the silent and indifferent, then explodes for no reason cry or scream even on a cautious note.
Third, to reduce school performance, indifference to your favorite games, attachment to any one type of activity.
Fourthly, to reduce appetite.On the one hand for the sake of the child good eating two tablespoons of borscht, the other - a lot of eating sweets.Adolescents may be craving for alcohol.

How to get rid of it?

Light therapy! winter, the sun is most active from 7 to 9 am, so the clock should be as long as possible on the street.The school as possible to walk (or get out of the vehicle for a few stops earlier), mandatory daily walks (morning or afternoon) of not less than half an hour.Do not hang the window curtains in the evening do not save energy - switch as much as possible lighting.

daily routine and moderate exercise. Try to go to bed and wake up at the same time (as early as possible in the evening, and as early as possible in the morning) with your child.Reduce to a minimum the time watching television and the computer, start elementary exercise.Even if "not enough time", in the morning 10-15 minutes will have to find.

Listen to the child's body, which now requires more carbohydrates.Not strictly forbidden candy and chocolate, they contain a substance serotonin - the hormone of happiness, which improves mood.But remember that the chemical components needed to overcome winter depression, is also in bakery products, cereals, cheese, sour cream, butter and eggs.

Take the child for what he is, without presenting excessive demands.Children and teenage body is physically unable to resist the natural cycle, and therefore requires help and support, not additional psycho-emotional stress.