December
01
04:00
Children // Child health

Causes and consequences of anemia in children

Despite saying the name of the disease (anemia, or anemia), the amount of blood in children with the normal.What is sorely missing is a hemoglobin and erythrocytes (red blood cells), which are responsible for the delivery of oxygen from the lungs to the organs and tissues.So, the heart tries to work harder so that all bodies have received the necessary amount of nutrients.Find yourself anemia at any age, and yet the first at risk - pregnant women, children during intensive growth, as well as teenagers during hormonal changes.Yes, the younger generation anemia occurs much more frequently than in adults.This is not surprising.After all, what is not only a metamorphosis happens to the body during this period.Cases and unpleasant ...

How it happens?

Iron deficiency anemia - the most common form of anemia in children.It occurs in 80% of cases.It is not difficult to guess that its occurrence is associated with iron deficiency.The remaining 20% ​​is not enough vitamins B6, B12 and folic acid (vitaminodefi

tsitnaya anemia) and protein (belkovodefitsitnaya anemia).To find out exactly what Vitaminki drink and what kind of product to add to the diet, it is possible during the examination.But there are also cases where anemia is caused not by errors in diet.The trigger for the disease are often a variety of injuries and operations, accompanied by a large loss of blood.But that's another story, and here it is necessary to talk not about the prevention of and the urgent help.

abnormalities.

World Health Organization defined a normal hemoglobin as 120-140 grams per liter of blood.The lower limit of normal for newborns is 130 g / l, for children 3 months - 95-100 g / l, from 1 to 3 years -110 g / l, 4-12 years -115 g / l.By and large, these figures are conditional.All children are born with an excess of red blood cells.For this reason, during the first two months of life hemoglobin level may drop below 90 g / l.It's not scary: soon turn the mechanism of formation of new red blood cells, and everything returns to normal.However, in preterm infants the formation of new blood cells can be slowed down due to a lack of iron - in this case, the risk of a true anemia increases.So if the level of red blood cells do not come back to normal within a few months, hit the alarm!A child of the first three years of life predanemicheskoe condition occurs when the hemoglobin level is reduced to 110 g / l.To avoid unpleasant surprises, during a routine inspection hemoglobin ask your baby.Analyses have kids take quite often, but the interest in this indicator mothers show only occasionally.And for good reason.

symptoms.

pale skin and mucous membranes, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, headaches, tinnitus, dizziness, weakness and fatigue - these are the common symptoms for all forms of anemia.And if your child is willing to eat dirt or chalk, the parent is a call to action!So in an unusual way the patient instinctively fills the shortage of iron and minerals in the body.Another reason to suspect at the children of deficiency anemia - his excessive love of porridge and milk.Especially if the child is used to look at them and did not want to.I may be not only eating habits, but also the behavior.Children become more moody, tearful, or, conversely, lethargic and indifferent.Typically, when deficiency anemia deteriorate hair and nails, scaly skin, and the language it looks like "painted".The girls more mature at puberty disease manifested by pain in the upper abdomen, nausea, menstrual irregularities.

Anaemia - an insidious disease.Sometimes it is only an early symptom of the disease, and that is a long time not made itself felt.In mild cases, the common symptoms may be absent at all, and hidden form shown only a slight indisposition.What can be said about the form of heavy.It may be accompanied by even pathological forms of red blood cells.

What do you eat?

diagnosis of "anemia" - not a reproach to parents that their baby is malnourished or fed low-quality products.Reason deficiency anemia is most often lies in the monotonous diet.As your child relates to the boiled liver, meat, fried eggs and greens, especially spinach, lettuce and green onions?He does not mind?Then spend "days of struggle for the iron."Dislikes?We'll have to look for alternative methods.I do exactly the apple will not give any one a tomboy.And do not forget to spend at home Session of white magic: green apple slide in a couple of nails and leave so for the day.The apple is produced malic iron, and therefore, favorite fruit would be more helpful, and my mother will acquire the reputation of a good fairy.Incidentally, the content of useful elements, preventing anemia, heat treatment has no effect, so the children who do not like raw herbs, it can give boiled (to add to the soup, mashed potatoes).But do not overdo it!Many iron - too bad.Its excess leads to the development of hemochromatosis.In this disease, the excess iron is deposited in the tissues, which may disrupt their function.

iron content (mg 100 g of product):

Milk cow - 0, 05

Carrots - 0,7

Spinach Salad - 6

Fish - 1

Egg - 2,5

Breadwholemeal - 2,4

liver - 10

bread of fine flour - 1,2

Potatoes - 0,7

Broccoli - 0,8

Cabbage - 0,5

Chicken - 15

Nuts - 3,0

Beans - 1,8

Tomatoes - 0,6

Apples, pears - 0,8-0,9

Brussels sprouts - 1,2

Oranges - 08-0,9

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