Children // Child health

Children's disease rickets

1.Myagkaya occipital bone
2. widened ribs at the wrist and tarsometatarsal joints
3. Deformation of the lower extremities, sternum
4. Loss of appetite, pallor
5. Perspiration, urine with ammonia odor
6. Reduced muscle tone
7. neurodevelopmental disability.
8. Late eruption of deciduous teeth, enamel defects

Causes rickets.
Bones - the main component of the human musculoskeletal system, the bones were strong, they need a large amount of calcium and phosphate.In the human body, and calcium phosphates have come from food.In order to from the intestine, they were sent to the bone and there were accumulated, need vitamin D. The highest amount of vitamin D is found in fish oil, egg yolk and milk.Furthermore, it is one of the few vitamins that can be synthesized in humans.Ergosterol (provitamin D) is contained in the skin.Under the action of UV rays ergosterol is converted to vitamin D. However, if vitamin D in the body receives too little (with food or because of lack of sunlight) in the
skin formed in insufficient quantities, bone loses calcium and phosphate, which in turn leads todisruption of calcification, softening and bone deformities.
treatment of rickets.Rickets
treated with drugs vitamin D.

How to help yourself?
diet of pregnant women should satisfy their need for vitamin D. They should drink plenty of milk and more to be outdoors.
When should I see a doctor?When the manifestation
following symptoms, the child should show pediatrician.

Actions doctor.
doctor will prescribe your child medicines vitamin D. X-ray and laboratory tests, feeling the bones of the child allow the doctor to conclude that calcification and bone strength.A more severe form of rickets try to treat elevated doses of vitamin D.

course of the disease.
rickets in children is most often seen in the third month of life.The child is pale, not eating, it becomes irritable, restless.There are sweating, itching because of this child rubs the head on the pillow.Muscles become flabby, urine has a strong ammonia smell, sometimes observed convulsions.Child relatively late start to sit, stand and walk.Later deciduous teeth erupt and which usually come with enamel defects.For children with more severe forms of rickets is characterized by frequent bone fractures.

There are also pathological changes of bones: soft occipital bone is compacted with time, the baby's skull becomes a square shape ("square" Skull).Sometimes deformed sternum: in places of transition bone cartilage formed thickening - rachitic "rosary."Rachitic "bracelets" are formed in the area of ​​the wrist, the tarsometatarsal joints.Because of the large load is bending tubular bones.Perhaps the formation of a child's hump.Progression of the disease sometimes leads to a curvature of the lower limbs in the letter O (varus deformity), at least in the form of letter X (valgus).

How to protect yourself from rickets?
to prevent rickets your child, you should regularly give to drink plenty of milk and often stay with him in the sun and fresh air.However, in the winter it's pretty hard to do.Therefore, in order to prevent infants administered vitamin D.