of this genus of herbaceous plants with tonkovat stems are aerial roots.Syngonium are close relatives of Philodendron.It vines and epiphytes, climbing up the trunks of large tropical plants, thereby paving the way for sunlight.
Young plants have the whole swept leaves.With age, the shift in their separated or coming dissected into several segments.This makes Syngonium unique plant.Young leaves are characterized by rich vibrant color.Another feature of the structure is marginal vein that runs parallel to the edge of the sheet.It is believed that Syngonium - undemanding plant.They are used and how ampelnye in hanging bowls, pots, and as the vines that require support, wrapped sphagnum moss.The latter should be constantly moist.Dilute Syngonium because of their beautiful leaves that in some species have the shape of an arrowhead.In the design of balcony boxes or bowls used stunted hybrids Syngonium.
Members of the genus.
Syngonium Vendlenda (lat. Syngonium wendlandii Schott).It is considered the birth
Syngonium nozhkolistny (lat. Syngonium podophyllum Schott).It grows in the tropical rainforests of Mexico, Guatemala, Panama, Honduras, Costa Rica, San Salvador.This vine with leaves dark-green color.Young leaves have arrow-shaped, old - stopovidnoy, cut into 5-11 segments.Middle segment elliptical, egg-shaped, reaches about 10 cm wide and 30 cm long.Petiole is quite long - 50-60 cm. The veil does not exceed 10 cm in length.From this species derived Syngonium various grades, including arrow-shaped compact with mature leaf.
Syngonium auriculate or ushkovaty (lat. Syngonium auritum (L.) Schott).Synonyms - Philodendron auriculate (lat. Phylodendron auritum hort.), And Arum auriculate (lat. Arum auritum L.).It prefers moist tropical forests of Mexico, Jamaica and Haiti.It is found in the mountains at 1,000 meters above sea level.This powerful climber with long branches (2.0-2.3 cm in thickness), capable of highly twisted.In the interstices of leaves formed roots.The leaves are glossy green color.Form lamina varies according to the age of the sheet.Therefore, on a plant are various shaped leaves: young - arrow-old - 3-5-fold dissected at the base with two ushkopodobnymi segments.Petiole has a length of 30-40 cm. Veil reaches 25- 29 cm long, generally has a green color, inside - purple, the bottom - yellowish.
Lighting. Syngonium plants do not tolerate bright sun, like poluzatenennye space with ambient light without direct rays.Prefer windows east and west directions, but can grow and northern windows.Grades Syngonium with green leaves is especially good feel in the penumbra, and if the sunshine in abundance - the leaves turn pale.
temperature. Syngonium considered optimal for the range of 18-24 ° C, in winter - 17-18 ° C;normally tolerate non-durable cooling - 10 ° C.
watering. Syngonium should be watered abundantly throughout the year.Make sure the soil has always been wet.On the other hand, do not allow stagnation of liquid in the pan.Watering should be in proportion to the upper portion of the substrate is dry.In cold weather, watering should be reduced: after 1-2 days after the top of the substrate is dry.Watering is necessary to use a soft to defend the water.
Humidity. Plants Syngonium like high humidity.Therefore, in the hot summer days, the plant should be sprayed with warm water defended, and the leaves with a damp cloth.In winter, do not put a plant next to the battery.It is recommended to put the pot in a tray filled with moist peat or expanded clay so that the bottom of the pot does not touch the water.
feeding. fertilizing Syngonium perform spring and summer every 2-3 weeks.For this purpose, the liquid fertilizer with low calcium content.Do not spend the winter feeding.
decor. To make a decorative plant species do support using moss tube.It is set in the middle of the pot when transplanting, make drainage, poured a third of the land planted to the plant, spreading his roots fill up top to the ground and pressed.To give Syngonium bushy shape, its apical shoots (over 6-7 leaf) pinch.
transplant. Young houseplants need to repot every year.For adults - only one times of 2-3 years.The soil is slightly acidic and neutral Pick (pH 6-7).Better to use and well-permeable loose mixture of turf and leaf land, peat and sand in the ratio 1: 1: 1: 0, 5. Requires good drainage.
Syngonium grown and how hydroponic culture.
Syngonium forms green inflorescence nestled filmy veil, which has a protective function.At room conditions the plant blooms rarely.
reproduction. Syngonium - plants that reproduce pieces of shoot and apical cuttings.Escape divided into parts, each should have a kidney.Roots can be a mixture of sand and peat, sphagnum or in vermiculite in a mixture of sand with sphagnum and even in water, dilute it with activated charcoal tablets.The temperature is favorable for rooting of 24-26 ° C. Then, the plants should be planted in 7-8-cm pots one by one, or in groups in one pot, small in size.For a better branching shoots need to pinch on the sixth leaf.
precautions. Syngonium poisonous milky sap it causes irritation of the mucous membranes.
- If the tips of the leaves appear drop, it indicates a high humidity.But we should not reduce it on purpose.
- If the ends and edges of the leaves develop brown spots, then the leaves fall off gradually, so the room is very dry air.
- If the leaves turn yellow, then Syngonium lacks nutrients.
- Remember that at low temperatures and excess moisture occurs rot the stems.
- Pests: Aphids, Jose scale (with dry air).