in a pot plant lisianthus in our country has gained popularity in the 1990s.Flowering is in the summer, during this period it can be found on sale.Most often found on sale one species - L. russelianus.This species has several grades which vary in shapes and colors, and have different heights.
Russell Lisianthus - also known as Eustoma Russell, but most of the sources used the name of Eustoma grandiflorum.This species of plants growing in Central America.
is grown as a houseplant or as an annual, biennial or as straight stems.The flowers are collected in a bun, and resemble poppy flowers.The flowers are double or nemahrovye, magenta, cyan, white and mauve.By the way the color depends on the type lisianthus.Bicolor varieties are considered the most beautiful.In the indoor environment grow better compact varieties that do not grow more than 45 centimeters.
plant needs bright ambient light, carries a certain amount of direct solar rays.For the normal life of good east and the west window
worth noting just bought lisianthus can not immediately put under the direct rays of the sun, otherwise the plant may get burnt.To accustom to the rays of the sun should gradually.
plant in the autumn and winter, too, can blossom, but subject to an additional 16 hours of coverage that can be done with fluorescent lamps.
lisianthus flowers is better to buy at the end of June or in July.Outside the plant grows well in flower beds and containers.
spring plant contains at 20-25 degrees in the summer, too, it is desirable to contain at the same temperature as the heat lisianthus not tolerate.But if you decide to grow lisianthus as a biennial plant, it is necessary to make the winter dormancy period, for this to fall to reduce the temperature to 12-15 degrees.
Watering the indoor plants need abundant, defended and soft water as the dry topsoil.Reduce watering in cool weather, so you'll avoid waterlogged land.If you leave the plant in the winter, then water the plant must be carefully and only after drying the substrate.
Watering should be with extreme caution, avoiding that fell into the water on the leaves.This type of plant does not require spraying, since the water falling on the leaves, causing fungal diseases (e.g., gray mold) that lead to the death of the plant.
Feeding complex fertilizers produced weekly during active growth.Fertilizer should be taken for flowering plants.
stems after the plant withered, can be cut, but not too low.If you leave the vase life of the stem to the presence of the two leaves, then after a while there will be new flower stalks, but this will require a lot of light.
Since this plant is grown as an annual or biennial plant, the transplanting is possible only if the plants are grown from seed or propagated by division.
plant is best grown in a broad tank with a nutritious loose substrate
(pH 6.5-7).To avoid acidification of land advised to make good drainage at the bottom of the container.
Reproduction of plants
Lisianthus - flowers, which are propagated by seed in spring, autumn division.
lisianthus have small seeds, which the Council sow from July to September, prisypaya small amount of land.Wetted surface to better implement by spraying.To pick flowers can be used universal substrate.Young shoots appeared to keep the room at 20 ° C in a light place, but so that they do not fall sun.
seedlings to the presence of 4 leaves are seated in individual pots, or from each other by a distance of 4 cm.If the young plant for the winter forms a rosette of leaves, the more it will develop normally.In winter, the seedlings are placed in a room with 12-14oS if you want to plant, you should provide additional lighting (using fluorescent lamps).
With the onset of spring the seedlings are transplanted into pots or flat lower bowls.In one container can be planted three plants.Watering should be moderate.Waterlogging plant does not like.
Lisianthus does not carry a lot of water, and if there is good drainage, the substrate turns sour, and the plant begins to die.
Some varieties lisianthus have long stems that need support.
Sometimes, after the first flowering, some parts of the plant sick.
striking: thrips, spider mites.