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Houseplant Croton: care, disease

codiaeum pestryy- another name for this plant, which has a beautiful, lush foliage.It grows in the form of trees, but the interest is it leaves.Depending on the type of croton they can be pointed to the top or blunt, shirokolopastnymi or tape-shaped, leathery, notched, dissected brightly colored veins, etc.But the main thing is not the form and the color.One codiaeum motley meet green, burgundy, golden leaves.Most often, they light up the crown with golden streaks, closer to the bottom of the leaves become darker, until burgundy shades.Another feature of croton is that in younger age color crown mostly yellow or various shades of green, and the leaves begin in adulthood stained in pink and red.It follows than leaves of the plant are getting older (and they do not fall down), so they are darker.Here it is interesting and croton, hence the riot of colors.

plant care

purchasing croton, be prepared for the fact that he was a lot and often have to take care of.Simply put, this houseplant is not for the

lazy.Good condition codiaeum depends on the lighting.Therefore, in the first place, it is necessary to provide a sufficient amount of light.Otherwise, the leaves of this plant lose brightness of color.Desirably, croton illuminated 12-14 hours per day.And if this summer will be no problems in the winter day is short and usually overcast, necessarily require additional artificial light, such as fluorescent lamps.And in any case can not be put croton in direct sunlight, for him it can be deadly.

'll have to closely monitor the temperature, and it should not fall below + 18 ° C.But at the same time, it should be remembered that this plant should not be placed near heaters, and even on the windowsill.Otherwise, dry air from the croton leaves may begin to fall off, and that's too bad, becausenew in their place have never grow up.In this case, it does not always save the plant and spraying.Moreover, keep it away from drafts and heat spike.

picky croton refers to the soil, which is growing.It prefers a light, rather acidic substrate with a reliable drainage.Typically, a mixture of old compost, peat and coarse river sand in proportions of 1: 1.5: 1.The soil especially large plants (over half a meter), a further 0.5 part of the heavy and garden land, to increase its mechanical stability.

Like most plants, croton needs a transplant.Exercise is desirable in the spring, in March - April.Young codiaeum transplanted each year, adults - once in 2-3 years, but the weakened plants it is better not to touch it, becauseeventually it can catch different diseases or even die.To transplant a mixture of 2 parts ground sheet, 1 part of the turf, 1 part river sand and pieces of charcoal.During transplantation it is important not to destroy the earth com at the root system, and carefully move it to the new substrate.

Much attention should be paid to watering croton.The plant likes moist soil, so the soil in the pot should never dry out.But excessive rewet and may cause root rot and stem diseases.The best option is a regular and abundant watering, as the drying of the topsoil.Combining this with the need to wash the leaves weekly and frequent spraying them.And one once a month does not hurt the plant a shower.Just remember, the water should not be cold, with a high lime content, such codiaeum dislikes.But he likes moist air, not less than 70-80%.Therefore, in addition to water procedures it is possible to build a stand that is submerged in water and peat for continuous evaporation.

And finally, the most contentious issue: how to feed codiaeum colorful?Some argue that the flower should feed mineral and organic fertilizers throughout the year.Only from spring to autumn it is done 1 time per week, and in winter - 1 once a month, and then a weak solution.Others say that it is better to refrain from any fertilizer.Arguing that the addition of them can lead to dynamic growth and the tops of rejection leaves the bottom of the plant.And as a consequence, loss of form and beauty of Croton.Also, some fertilizers, especially nitrogen, impair brightness of its color.But advised to use minerals that with moderate use will not bring harm to Croton.In any case, choosing one or another way to make dressing, Examine them carefully to the reaction of the plant, it will help to find the most favorable option for him.

Choose the right plant

Choosing codiaeum in colorful gift inveterate flower growers, or buying for yourself, remember that it should be done correctly.First note the leaves of the plant, so they are not dried out, lowered down, or even slightly privyalymi.Then pay attention to the color of leaves: the young trees are manicured bright green with thick yellow veins.Finally, be sure to look at the trunk to see if it dents from fallen leaves.The presence of such indicates that the plant contained in adverse conditions for it.

Ambulance disease croton

Improper maintenance or care immediately affect the status of any plant.And so fussy as the croton generally need to be alert.So:

1. If croton grow new leaves, but the color does not change, most likely the plant is not enough light;

2. Almost all of the stem leaves lost, has remained untouched only the tip, so it is a houseplant struck spider mite.Most often it is this pest causes such effects.If the cause is not there, look, it may not like the temperature of the plant or irrigation mode.The loss leaves many Croton turns and first wintering.The plant does not have time to adapt to a new place, especially if it is on the window sill, where there is a possibility of hypothermia roots and there are drafts;

Z. If codiaeum in general is unhealthy appearance, carefully felt his trunk, starting from the root collar.Nothing suspicious there, then just change the conditions of the plant and constantly watching him.The leaves have lost their priglyadny view, delete.Worse, if the trunk palpated softened space.In this case it is necessary to separate part of the plant above the patient area.It must be done carefully with a sharp knife or shears.If the wood is dark on the cut, it leaves thin successive cuts to the healthy part.After this procedure, the lower part of the stalk immersed in a warm water for 15 minutes, and the leaves were removed, leaving only the tops and root in a mixture of river sand and peat (1: 1), creating greenhouse conditions.So it will be "given life" to the new Croton;

4. Particular attention should be paid to pests codiaeum.Most often affect plant scale insects.From them, the leaves lose color, dry and fall off.Another enemy is croton spider mite forming white spots on the leaf surface, which causes them to fall off prematurely.

As you can see, growing houseplant croton, resignation and illnesses that you already know, is not easy and quite troublesome.But in return you will get a riot of colors in a house or apartment throughout the year.Well, if this is not enough, you know that this plant is still flowering, though its flowers are small, but still nice.

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