October
28
10:00
Children // Child health

Clinically significant iron deficiency anemia

kid feels bad, weak?He's not very good mood, and he does not want to play?Or is he unsure of himself, too passive and humble?All this may be symptomatic manifestations of iron deficiency anemia (IDA).


reasons

Lack of iron in the body, it increased its loss or malabsorption of this mineral in the gastrointestinal tract - this is anemia.But as it seemed to the axis, trifling reason as iron deficiency leads to very serious consequences: slow motor development, poor coordination, delayed speech development, psychological and behavioral disorders.

Some children have iron deficiency occurs because of a violation of his absorption in the upper part of the duodenum, where it is in the ground and is absorbed.This occurs because of the poor quality of the food, low secretion of digestive juices, poor condition of the intestinal mucosa.

Iron absorption decreases in infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, with rickets, malnutrition, congenital and acquired disorders fermentoobrazovaniya and absor

ption (malabsorption syndrome, cystic fibrosis).


How to treat?

main goal of treatment is to eliminate IDA iron deficiency and restore its reserves in the body.Most often, pediatricians prescribe iron supplements to quickly make up for his lack of.But that, as it turned out, is not enough.


Diet

most important in the diet - inclusion in foods containing heme form of iron.

heme iron found in animal products: meat of animals and birds.

nonheme iron concentrated in plant foods (grains, vegetables, fruits), as well as milk and fish.

heme iron from food is absorbed much more easily and in larger quantities than non-haem.Therefore, the positive effect is often achieved only by increasing the proportion of meat in the diet foods - liver of animals, poultry, beef, pork.Consult with a nutritionist on the menu!


Prevention

To pipsqueak from birth suffered symptomatic iron deficiency anemia, prevention is needed.Basically it is the mother's nutrition during pregnancy and lactation.Well, if the future mom includes a sufficient number of daily ration of meat products, fruits, vegetables, and foods fortified with minerals and vitamins.Especially during the last two months of carrying a child, when his iron requirements increase dramatically.If the content of hemoglobin in women during pregnancy below 100 g / l, the doctor will prescribe drugs that contain iron.


We are growing!

To maintain the normal balance of the mineral in infants, it is desirable to breastfeed up to 6 months.The iron concentration in human milk is 0.2-0.4 mg / l.This kid is enough to meet the needs of its growing organism, because iron from breast milk is absorbed perfectly.

However, medical statistics show that in real life the anemia meets every third grudnichka.Why is that?

main cause of anemia is poor nutrition nursing mother.If it does not include in your diet heme foods such as liver, meat and poultry, the iron content of the milk it is too low, the child, whom she feeds, received the required rate.When artificial feeding is better to use a mixture with an iron content of 0.4 to 0.8 mg / 100 ml.This is sufficient, as the iron reserves that have been accumulated during the prenatal period is not yet exhausted.

But by six months of getting smaller, and the body begins to need more iron, otherwise, when it formed the lack of anemia.And then it should already act as adapted from the mixture and from weaning foods.It is important to ensure that the mixture for the second six months of life contained 0.9-1.3 mg / 100 ml of iron.That's why as a lure doctors advise use of cereal, fruit and vegetable juices and purees containing iron.It is these products increase the amount in the body, leading to the required standards and preventing manifestations of anemia.


"Iron" menu

mousse rabbit meat

Take:

- 1 rabbit weighing about 800 g

- 100g melted butter

- 0,5 cup sour cream

- 3 hard-boiledEggs

- salt


Preparation

meat cut into pieces and cook with a little water until soft. Mince with small bars. Minced meat, beat with a mixer. Add the mashed yolks with a fork, sour cream, beaten separately until creamyoil and salt. Stir the beef 10 minutes until smooth. Ready to fill mousse cups and turn on a flat plate.


Pudding liver

Take:

- 500 g liver

- salt

- 05 liters of milk

- crackers

- 100 g butter

- 4 eggs

- pepper


Preparation

liver Pour milk, leave for 1 hour.Macerated liver and peeled onion mince, add egg yolks, melted butter, parsley, salt.All the mix, add the beaten egg whites.In a greased and sprinkled with breadcrumbs form Put cooked weight, sprinkle with oil and bake in the oven.


Cutlets from buckwheat with meat

Take:

- 50 g buckwheat

- 50 grams of cooked meat

- 10 g onion

- 1/4 eggs

- 10 g butter


Preparation

Cook crumbly buckwheat, cool, add the minced meat mixed with fried in butter with onions and beaten egg, salt.Sformuyte patties, roll in bread crumbs and fry in butter.