few words about the immune system.
The immune system protects the child's body from harmful substances and infections.The largest organ of the system - the gastrointestinal tract.It contains compared with other organs unprecedented number of lymphocytes (white blood cells, which are responsible for resistance to infection each person).This is due to the fact that the intestines are particularly vulnerable to the penetration of foreign substances into the body from the outside world, called antigens.A newborn baby does not yet contain antigens.But from the first days of life the immune system learns to react to various substances with which the child comes into contact.It creates in the body immunological memory, which allows the body to determine the individual antigens.However, before the memory is fully "loaded", we must try our best to strengthen the stability of the child to infections.In the neonatal period significant protection functions of immunity of the child performs breastfeeds.Beca
Breastfeeding supports the immune memory.
very important role in low immunity cells.They are involved in the generation of antibodies that react to foreign substances in the body of the child.The antibodies are transferred through breast milk.It is thanks to the action of antibodies in the milk nutrients, the body begins to fight germs.Immune memory is transferred to the mother as a child.The balance between deterrence and active immune response protects the baby against infection and allergies.The lack of balance and the low level of "recognition" of stimuli in the early stages of life of children contribute to the development of chronic inflammatory diseases, infections and allergies.This situation often occurs when artificial feeding.In this regard, I would like to once again emphasize the importance of breastfeeding, which contributes to the formation of an adequate immune memory.Breast milk helps provide child resistance against external influence, which reduces the risk of acute and chronic infections, and diseases such as diarrhea and respiratory infections.
Providing enough energy.
Proper nutrition your child affects the development of the immune function.However, this is not a major problem supply.First of all, the food - it is a source of energy.So important are only qualitative composition of food, but enough of it.Child, particularly at an early age to be fed.Tissue cells are particularly sensitive to the insufficient amount of the food supply.They did not have enough energy for growth and development.
way, and the expectant mother during pregnancy should not starve.Malnutrition, especially in the second - third month of pregnancy, a catastrophic effect on fetal development and can have far-reaching negative consequences.Later, the shortage of energy during infancy and early childhood can lead to serious health problems.Thus, as the gradual disappearance of one of the glands - namely thymus.This phenomenon is very dangerous, because the thymus - before puberty - is mainly responsible for the immune system and controls the number of lymphocytes.
Proper nutrition of the child begins in the womb.Unfortunately, improper intrauterine development as a result of lack of nutrients permanently reduces children's resistance.It can even lead to premature death of the child.Therefore, every woman who is expecting a baby, should strictly observe a balanced diet, providing the fetus all the necessary nutrients.
Nutrients that increase resistance to disease.
Can we now easily determine the components of the food, which affect the immune status of the child?In the metabolism of the important role played by one of the amino acids glutamic acid.It promotes the formation of nucleic acids that directly affects protein synthesis in the body.And also allows you to excrete ammonia excretion via the kidneys.Glutamine is also a source of energy for cells, and this can be explained by its leading role in immune processes.However, further studies are needed to more thoroughly study the role of glutamine to ensure the viability of the children.Especially with weak immune systems.
The possibility of enriching the diet with another amino acid - is argenin.As research has shown, the use of nutritional argenina newborns with low birth weight - significantly reduce the chance of necrotizing enterocolitis.
Another very important component of food - long-chain polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids.Obtained from fish oil omega-3 fatty acids are used in the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases.But they also mozhut help treat acute inflammatory disease such as sepsis or adult respiratory distress syndrome.
Parents should keep in mind that almost all the components of the power play an important role in maintaining proper immune status of the child.For this reason, as poor nutrition, and excess food consumption can have adverse effects.Worldwide conducted medical research, which shows that the immune status of children in the lower parts of the world where food is consumed too little protein, iron, vitamins A and E, and zinc.
role of prebiotics and probiotics.
In our time, there was increased interest in health issues to strengthen the immune system by affecting the intestinal microflora.This can be achieved in two ways: 1. By the child's diet enrichment prebiotics - nutrients are not digested;2. And probiotics - live microorganisms of human origin, which have properties of adhesion to intestinal epithelial cells.
Pattern prebiotic in breast milk are oligosaccharides.It is possible that they do not give bacteria adhere to intestinal epithelial cells, affecting the increase of immunity of the child through breastfeeding.Experiments have been conducted with probiotics.
found that they reduce the number of cases of diarrhea in young children.Very promising are the results of the study, which investigated the probiotic group of pregnant women from families with hereditary risk of developing allergic diseases.Because of probiotics in 6-month-old children significantly reduced the incidence of atopic dermatitis.
What to do if a child with weak immunity develops an infection?Of course, to treat.But it is much easier to prevent a disease.Already in the first months of pregnancy the mother should pay attention to their nutrition and health.Do not abuse alcohol, tobacco and diet for weight loss (there are pseudo-mother).Follow all the doctor's recommendations.And after the birth of the child in any case on their own not to give up breast-feeding, in order to preserve the figure!Because breast milk - is not only a source of energy and nutrients.It contains valuable substances that provide the infant immunity strong.It has long been noted that children fed on artificial milk grow physically much weaker and more likely to get sick than children who grow up in the breast milk.