Health // Pregnancy

How does antibiotics pregnancy

During this period, expectant mother's immune system is significantly weakened, also increases the load on other systems and organs.During this period, expectant mother becomes more vulnerable to infections and chronic diseases, so we have to resort to the treatment of a variety of drugs.In many cases, a variety of inflammatory processes in the body (pielonifrit, tonsillitis, sinusitis), credited with antibacterial drugs impact.Therefore, it is a very important issue as antibiotics affect a pregnancy, because everything that uses the woman directly affects the fetus inside her.


Antibiotics - drugs aimed at curing diseases, provoked all sorts of microorganisms.Unfortunately, antibiotics are not always safely during pregnancy.Indeed, in the body, except that the drug performs its intended, antibacterial effect, it can still cause allergic reactions or side effects such as constipation, nausea and headache.

Years of research show that antibiotics are not way not affect the genetic apparat

us, but still possible undesirable consequences.Scientists in Europe and America in their studies compared the effects of different drugs on the formation of the fetus.According to the research, the safest group of penicillins (ampicillin, amoxicillin and so on. D.), But most of the best of the group began to penicillin.Most of the cephalosporin (cefotaxime, cefazolin and others) despite the fact that they are at an early stage of pregnancy, the toxic effect on a fetus still recommend taking them during life-threatening disease - sepsis, severe forms of pneumonia, urinary infections.In addition, the scientists say, that after the first trimester, the reception of these antibiotics does not affect pregnancy.Also, several other antibacterial drugs is relatively safe for pregnant women.Court refers macrolide, their representatives azithromycin, erythromycin.These antibiotics are drug in most infectious diseases, therefore, it is desirable to be limited only to them.From other antibacterial drugs, during pregnancy it is better to abstain.The remaining classes of antibiotics generally have a narrow spectrum of activity, so used to neutralize the bacteria of the species, and are attributed with the characteristic of the disease (severe intestinal infections, tuberculosis and other life-threatening infections).Taking antibiotics negatively affect pregnancy.Therefore, without a good reason to not be consumed drugs such as aminoglycosides (amikacin, gentamitatsin and Similar) they affect a strong toxic effect on the auditory nerve of the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy.

use of sulfonamides.

use of sulfonamides in early pregnancy causes many defects and developmental abnormalities, leading to the defeat of the circulatory system.The use of tetracyclines (doxycycline, tetracycline) leads to irreversible destruction of tooth enamel, has a toxic effect on the liver, promotes fetal malformations.

Until recently, our hospitals for pregnant women actively administered ciprofloxacin.But to date, taking these antibiotics is strictly forbidden, because the drug causes irrevocable bone defects in the child.

Terms of taking the pills.

So, like a little understood what antibiotics can be taken during pregnancy.But still, it should be recalled expectant mothers, the main rules of reception of antibiotics.So:

1. In the first 5 months of pregnancy, if there is no urgent need for it, receiving antibiotics should be very careful, because in this period the building is made of all the vital organs and tissues of the fetus.If the appointment of antibacterial drugs is unavoidable, this should be done under close supervision of a doctor!

2. It is important to take the full course of treatment and the assigned dosage, in any case, you can not change it the most.

3. Before you appoint a course of treatment with antibacterial drugs, you should tell your doctor about all your past health problems, heavy heredity, especially allergies!

4. if while taking antibiotics there are any visible side effects or discomfort, you should immediately abort the reception of the assigned drug and consult your doctor.

Unfortunately, many women are forced to give birth to take antibiotics, due to chronic diseases.This may be a course or a permanent appointment of a certain drug.During pregnancy, unless it is allowed, the best course is not to resort to the use of antibacterial drugs for the treatment of chronic diseases.Admission antibiotic "for the prevention of acute" categorically denied.In some cases such self brings efficiency and promotes infection caused by lost the right response to the permanent antibacterial agents.

In situations where treatment is necessary, it is better to give preference to drugs that are used longer than others without these side effects.

But most importantly, remember that if self-medication, antibacterial drug can cause the baby in the neonatal period a serious allergic reaction (even if it is never felt by his mother).Before taking any antibiotics, it is obligatory to consult with your doctor, because only a doctor can determine the need for antibiotic use.Also according to the survey, he can pick up the required drug and to determine the period of his appointment.