So hyperandrogenism is of mixed type, and what are its causes?Let's try to answer this question.
There are sex hormones in men, called androgens, are produced by the testes in men and ovaries in women.Also, these hormones are produced by men and women in the adrenal glands.
These hormones ensure the development of secondary sexual organs, control the growth and development of the sex organs in males, as well as participate in the process of metabolism, creating an anabolic effect.The woman's body androgens are the raw material for the creation of sex hormones - estrogen, and they facilitate the process of ovulation.If you have a large amount of androgens is a delay of ovulation, because it does not contribute to the overall maturation of the egg.Also, the presence of excess androgens contribute to the inhibition of production of progesterone, which can affect pregnancy and cause miscarriage.The level of the main body of the androgen hormone - testosterone is between 0.2 and 1 ng / ml.
Hyperandrogenism promotes the formation of the female body masculine traits, and the reason for its occurrence is the excessive amount of androgens.To excess androgens cause the ovaries and adrenal glands, and.It is also the cause of excess androgens may be a metabolic disorder.
Hyperandrogenism adrenal diseases may arise in the pituitary and adrenal tumors.Ovarian hyperandrogenism occurs in the presence of tumors in the ovaries or in the presence of polycystic ovaries.
Some nationalities can hyperandrogenism is in the rules, as they have from birth skin hypersensitivity to the hormone androgen.
main signs of hyperandrogenism are mixed type baldness or hirsutism, changes in body and voice, as well as changes in the properties of the skin.When pilosis on the chest, back, arms and face human hair is starting to grow rapidly.Thus men hairiness chest may be accompanied baldness temple and forehead areas, wherein the voice becomes lower, and the skin becomes more porous and greasy may also occur acne.Also, changing the structure of the body, the shoulder belt is wider, narrower hips and breasts reduced.
When mixed type of hyperandrogenism in women is disturbed menstrual cycle, until the lack of menstruation at all.The change in carbohydrate metabolism leads to the development of diabetes and obesity.
All these phenomena occur more with tumors of the ovaries and adrenal glands.To determine
hyperandrogenism in women is conducted special studies hormonal, radiological and ultrasound examinations of the ovaries and adrenal glands.
In order to start the treatment you need to determine what caused it.If hyperandrogenism mixed type caused by a tumor, then try to remove it.For other reasons are used more sparing treatment - prescribed drugs are administered hormones.But if there is no effect of the drugs, we have to use the services of a surgeon, until the removal of parts of bodies.