Health // People's Councils

Herbal medicine: definition, advantages and disadvantages

Essence herbal medicine

Without a doubt, the most valuable to man is his health, which largely depends on the way of life and the relationship with the environment.If you have problems, many of us are looking for new, more efficient and "prestigious" synthetic drugs, forgetting about the ancient folk medicine.But for thousands of years people treated (and successfully treated) only with the help of herbs.

Herbal medicine is an alternative method of treatment based on the healing properties of herbs, which is characterized by good tolerability and a small amount of any serious side effects.To date, there are about 500,000 species of plants, but only about 5% of them considered as pharmacologically active substances.It shows only one thing - there is a huge number of species, not yet studied physicians, and it is possible to open new therapeutic properties of plants.

In Russia there are about 650 medicinal plants, 300 species collected at the same time each year. Due to the different climatic

and soil conditions, natural resources grass, too, are different.This depends on the source of plant food containing a high percentage of biologically active substances.They are rich in various chemical compounds, such as alkaloids, glycosides, saponins, polysaccharides, tannins, flavonoids, coumarins, essential oils, vitamins and minerals.

«Medicine is an art to use the healing power of nature»

This opinion was expressed by Hippocrates, and it has been repeatedly tested for centuries.For example, even in ancient Assyria were special schools for the cultivation of medicinal plants, and ancient Egyptian papyri described a beneficial effect on the body of many plants, such as mint, plantain and poppy.
first Roman physician Claudius Galen suggested the use of a therapeutic intentions tinctures and extracts of plants.Avicenna, in turn, made a catalog designed for medical purposes, which are described in more than 900 plants, most of which today are officially considered medicinal.Several centuries later, a kind of herbal medicine has reached the Thracians and Slavs, who also began to attach great importance to the processes of impact and effectiveness of the plants on the human body.Herbal medicine is becoming one of the most important items of folk medicine.

today (according to WHO), about 80% of people use drugs of natural origin in primary care.This fact is like nothing else speaks in favor of herbal medicine - the definition of the advantages and disadvantages of this method people are engaged in a long time and quite successfully.It also provides a great opportunity to encourage pharmaceutical companies to use medicinal plants for the synthesis of biologically active additives and medicines in the various fields of medicine.

How are treated with herbal medicine

All medicinal plants that do not contain toxic and highly toxic substances may be used for the preparation of compositions for indoor and outdoor use at home.The method of preparation is typically dependent upon the chemical composition of the active substances, their solubility in various liquids (e.g. water or alcohol), such parts of plants (flowers, leaves, roots, seeds, etc.).

most often used in folk medicine, extracts, infusions and decoctions.Each tool has its own advantages and disadvantages.They are prepared from the leaves, flowers or other plant organs, from which it is easy to extract active substance, prepared in the form of infusion.The only exception is the grape, which is prepared as a broth, as well as all the solid parts of the plants.

  • infusion (infusion)
    prepared from chopped herbs that are placed in a porcelain or glass container and pour the recommended amount of water.It is better that the water had a temperature of not higher than room.The vessel was capped and heated in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, stirring frequently.After removal from the water bath, you need to give it to stand for about 45 minutes, then the infusion is poured water in the prescribed amount.
  • Potions
    It extracts obtained after a long heating plants in a water bath.Herbs are placed in a porcelain vessel and filled with the recommended amount of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes, stirring constantly.Once a drug is cooled to room temperature, filtered and brought to the desired volume.The basic requirements for the opening and the infusion must be prepared every day, you need to store them in a dark and cool place, but not more than 3 days.Note that infusions and decoctions of plant materials have a particularly strong effect and are used only by prescription.
  • tinctures on alcohol
    They are produced by adding alcohol, water or vegetable extracts of essential raw materials and the final product is obtained without heating.Most often, in order to prepare them requires 70% alcohol.The plant material is placed in a suitable container and pour alcohol boiling water and left for 7 days.A week later, the tincture is filtered and poured into a permanent capacity.Tincture can be used for a long time, it does not deteriorate or lose their properties.Besides tincture retains maximum flavor, characteristic of the feedstock.
  • extracts
    It concentrated extracts from plants.Depending on the sequence of preparation, they may be liquid, thick liquid or humidity not more than 5%.It is not recommended to prepare at home.
  • poultices
    Finely chopped herbs pour a little of the warm water (30 °).It is used topically in the form of compresses.It should be easy to extend the crop in the cheesecloth and put in the affected area.

This type of treatment is an integral part of the culture of many peoples, and occupies an important place in human life.In this regard, of particular importance is the training of more effective drugs for the treatment and prevention of diseases based on medicinal plants.In world practice, about 40% of medicinal products derived from the chemical and pharmaceutical industry, prepared from plant material.Based on medicinal plants generate about 80% of drugs needed for treating cardiovascular, pulmonary and gastro-intestinal diseases.

Medicinal plants used as raw material for isolation of chemical substances which, because of different methods of action are divided into corticosteroids, hormones, and others.

Especially useful is the use of herbs and products derived from them, for the treatment of chronic diseases that require prolonged exposure.Good tolerability and low toxicity of most of them allow prolonged treatment when they do not contain substances which can be addictive and can cause addiction.

should be noted that uncontrolled, unjustified and improper acceptance of drugs and herbal supplements in some cases can lead to negative consequences for the organism.Particular attention is needed to pregnant women, small children and people with allergies.Also, herbal medicine is not safe for those who have demonstrated intolerance to certain substances.In such cases specialist advice is mandatory.

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