Health // People's Councils

Where there may be bacteria?

Mid danger

your favorite table in a cafe - a true paradise for bacteria.The reason is simple: the waiters are dirty, wipe it with a cloth.If you just take a seat at the table, ask the waitresses at least not put cutlery, table is not removed.

peanuts on the bar.In some bars, especially abroad, have shared nuts for all clients in the room.It is better not to eat!You can not be sure that the guy or girl who sat next to you at the bar and snack peanuts from the same cup, wash your hands after using the toilet.Of course, the risk of contracting diarrhea in this case is not great.But it's better now to be safe than sorry.Especially if you are taking medication after a meal to reduce the acidity.Stomach acid destroys bacteria.And if you reduce the acid concentration of pathogenic bacteria have a greater chance to infect you.

Pathogenic bacteria are often found in the aquarium.Therefore, even a minor hand injury are sufficient grounds to refuse to work on cleaning the aquarium.After all, you can catch

a painful infection.However, if the cleaning of the tank should not be delayed or need to repair the filter, wear rubber waterproof gloves.

Pathogenic bacteria can be found in the saliva of your dog.Unfortunately, it is true that some dogs eat their feces.Therefore, it is better if you choose to no longer kiss the dog directly in the face.This rule applies to your very own dog!This simple warning to help avoid the risk of contamination with faecal bacteria that often cause diarrhea (Escherichia coli, salmonella or Pasteurella Multocida).Be sure to wash your hands if you touch objects that the dog kept in the mouth.

high level of danger

button to drain the water, door handles and sinks in public toilets - favorite habitat of pathogenic bacteria.They are often found fecal bacteria, including E. coli and salmonella.The risk of diarrhea is increased if for a few minutes, the bacteria enter the mouth (such as in a cafe or diner).To reduce the risk of infection, wash hands after valve cover using toilet paper.With its help open the door.

kitchen sponges.The sink in the kitchen is an ideal habitat for disease-causing bacteria.There is constantly a lot of moisture and debris.When you use a sponge for washing dishes and kitchen furniture, dirt and bacteria are spread throughout the room.So every night disinfect the sponge in hot water with detergent.Better yet, replace it as often as possible.

Public telephone.You have to pay for the phone call, but a cold or flu is transmitted for free.The handset and frequently used keys are home to viruses and bacteria.If you need to use a public phone, wipe the handset and keys disposable disinfectant wipes.And keep the microphone as far as possible from the mouth.

level of increased risk

Sneezing and coughing are a common cause of the spread of influenza virus in the community.However, you can sit for hours in a room with a sick friend or girlfriend, and it does not get infected.But by shaking hands or any other tactile contact increases the risk of getting the flu several times.Already, even an hour after the touch you can feel the first symptoms of the disease.And the next day laid up in bed.Since it is possible to prevent the spread of disease?Try, if possible, avoid direct contact with an infected person.Feel free to use gauze bandages.And how can you wash your hands frequently.

shared shower.Shared shower is necessary not often, but occasionally it happens.For example, in the hotel during a vacation or business trips.When visiting the pool or sauna.During sporting events.Attention!On a wet surface often live pathogens dermatophytes - various fungal diseases.To catch them is easy, but it is not easy to recover.Therefore, any travel required to take the rubber slippers and wear them in the shower or visit the steam room.You can use special protective prophylactic agents.

Kitchen cutting board - a favorite habitat of disease-causing bacteria.Any board, whether plastic or wood, it should be disinfected after each use.The microcracks are food residues, which are a breeding ground for salmonella or E. coli.Most should be thoroughly disinfected after cutting meat.To reduce the risk of infection, meat and vegetables are cut into individual boards.After each use, treat them with boiling water.The most hygienic kitchen cutting boards made of special glass.

nature walks with children are often accompanied by dialogue with local residents.Make sure that children do not touch the hands of amphibians!Remember that the frogs that live in muddy ponds of stagnant water covered pathogenic bacteria.Fingered frog, children can easily put in the mouth infection with food - and diarrhea ensured.Please note that the campaign did not go starving child.After returning home, carefully washed his hands antibacterial soap.

where you can find more harmful bacteria?Often food infections infected lovers of mountain hiking.Especially newcomers.When we visit the mountains, it seems to us that the water is crystal clear mountain streams.Meanwhile, in these waters live protozoa giardiami.After drinking a sip of water, they can live in the small intestine, causing vomiting and severe diarrhea.The main rule: no matter how clean the water seems to be in the river, lake or stream - drinking water should be boiled!

as the impact on the body of various infections

most common infection penetrates through wounds.If the damage of the skin is not necessary to wash the wound with soap and water.Staphylococcus aureus just waiting for this!Their number has doubled every 20 minutes.The body defends itself by attacking aureus by cytokines, located in the white blood cells.The inflammation usually last a few days.But some strains of bacteria cause boils, abscesses, fever, low blood pressure.

Banal runny nose is often the cause of colds.Caught the disease very easily.For example, your friend's runny nose.She wiped her nose mechanically.On its hand through the nasal mucosa fall pathogenic microbes that can be active for several hours.It is enough to shake your hand or a friendly hug to infection got to your body.To get rid of the virus, the immune system of the body produces more mucus.It starts with a runny nose.The body produces histamine and cytokines that destroy bacteria.At the same time, the disease can last for a week or more.Fortunately, after each infection the body produces immunity.He becomes more resistant to disease.

very unpleasant and even dangerous disease is diarrhea.Its cause is pathogens.How do you get them?For example, your colleague went to the restroom.She was in a hurry and did not washed his hands, leaving the bacterium Shigella, Salmonella or E. coli.You went to the toilet, wash their hands, but the output touched the door handle - and picked up dangerous bacteria.During lunch, the infection enters the body.For example, in one square millimeter of skin may be about 100 thousand microorganisms Shigella.Of course, most of the bacteria are killed by the saliva, followed by gastric juice.However n ome microbes can survive and attack the intestines, causing diarrhea.To defeat the bacteria the body needs about 2 days.

Knowing where to find the bacteria, you will save yourself and your loved ones from dangerous diseases.